Japanese Lesson from Games: 顔が真っ青だ

The Nintendo Switch is region free, and many (not all) games, including the demo for Project Triangle Strategy, have the full Japanese text and audio available in the U.S. release of the game. This is an amazing resource for gamers who are learning Japanese. Here’s my latest grab!

Triangle Strategy - Kao ga Massao
doushita. kao ga massao dazo, Benedict.

Japanese: どうした。顔が真っ青だぞ、ベネディクト。

Romaji: doushita. kao ga massao dazo, benedikuto.

English: What’s wrong? Benedict, Your face is completely pale!

This is pretty self explanatory, but the interesting phrase I wanted to highlight is 顔が真っ青だぞ. 顔 (kao) is face. 真っ青 (massao) means “completely blue” literally. だぞ is for emphasis. Translated, 顔が真っ青だ is used to describe someone’s face when all the blood has drained from it.

Why blue? I don’t have a good answer. But if you think about it… In English we may someone looks “white as a sheet.” But, do people really look that color when the blood has drained from their face when they are sick or suddenly surprised? If you look closely, it’s probably more of a pale blue color. This is where the Japanese term comes from.

And while we’re on the Project Triangle Strategy subject. Did everyone try this demo? Tactics Ogre was one of the first Famicom games I imported, so this is nostalgia right up my alley. I also like Fire Emblem, SMT: Devil Survivor, and Advance Wars in terms of turn-based strategy games. Right up my alley. The demo had far too much dialog, especially after it opened with a warning from the publisher that it may be difficult to follow the story as they are dropping you in partway though… But the game mechanics appear to be solid. Spell effects that change the terrain properties, bonus damage based on positioning, support attacks from nearby teammates — excite! And so much Japanese voice acting!

I sure hope this game is great when it is finally release!

Here’s a random scene on topic!

ほたるんの顔が真っ青で汗がだらだら流れるシーン【のんのんびよりのんすとっぷ5話
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Japanese Lesson from Games: 難攻不落

Fire Emblem Three Houses - Nankou Furaku
ima ya ano yousai wa nankoufuraku da

Japanese: 難攻不落

Hiragana: なんこうふらく

Romaji: nankou furaku

Literal Meaning: Difficult to attack, won’t fall.

The entire sentence here is 今やあの要塞は難攻不落だ。

要塞 (ようさい) means fortress.

今や well, 今 (いま) means now. The extra particle や is for emphasis, and a smaller nuance that I won’t get into here.

So here Claude is saying, “Now that fortress is impenetrable.” Tough to attack, impossible to topple.

Initial searches for this term online mostly resulted in websites explaining what the term means… I did find this Japanese manga that has the term right in the title though. It’s called 難攻不落の魔王城へようこそ and it’s on Amazon.jp.

Fire Emblem Three Houses is FILLED with advanced Japanese phrases and vocabulary. The game is entirely voiced, and you can replay any dialog you want as long as you don’t leave the dialog sequence. The Nintendo Switch is region free, and many (not all) games, including Fire Emblem, have the full Japanese text and audio available in the U.S. release of the game. No need to import from Japan! This is an amazing resource for gamers who are learning Japanese. Look forward to more. This game is the gift that keeps on giving.

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Dajyare. Japanese Jokes. Oyaji-gag. Learn them, but use with caution.

That’s right. Japanese jokes. Japanese jokes are pretty interesting. There is a whole category of them that is entirely based on word play. Dajyare are made mainly of words that can have multiple meanings when pronounced..

The jokes don’t always involve two ‘words’ that can have double meanings, they occasionally use the grammar in the middle of a sentence can sound like a word as well. The closest cultural translation is probably “dad jokes,” however dad jokes to not always include the same wordplay as Japanese dajyare.

Dajyare is 駄洒落。駄、which is the ‘da’ used in ‘dame 駄目’, which means, bad, more or less. 洒落 (しゃれ)、means joke. So, together dajyare is a type of bad, or failed joke. Sometimes they are also called oyajigyagu. Where oyaji is old man, and gyagu, is… gag. The proper response when you hear a bad joke in Japan is to say ‘samui’ 寒い, which means cold.

Warning: Though they can be clever, dajyare, or oyaji gags, are universally considered to be groaners. They are so horrible that if used incorrectly the joke teller may be shunned by their peers. The younger generation will undoubtedly label the frequent wielder of oyaji gags to be someone who is awkward and completely out of touch. This is because the true dajyare master can work the jokes into any serious conversation without missing a beat. The dajyare master is always listening. Listening to every word in a conversation while simultaneously searching their expansive database of dajyare to retrieve and execute one at the appropriate time. Timing is everything. The best dajyare isn’t lazily delivered out of nowhere as a standalone gag, it is stealthily worked into innocuous conversation, forcing the listeners to acknowledge the joke, while suppressing their disgust.

Here’s a famous example.

Japanese: monoreru mo noreru. モノレールも乗れる。
English: You can also ride the monorail.
Humor: Try saying the Japanese aloud. You say monoreru twice, the first monoreru is ‘monorail’, the second ‘mo’ is also, and ‘noreru’, is can ride.

If you can manage to work that into a regular sentence… you’ll be the talk of the town!

For example:

A: Hey, getting to Tokyo Disney Land is easy! You can just take the train!
A: 東京ディズニーランドは行きやすいよ。電車で行ける!

B: You can even take the monorail!
B: モノレールも乗れる!

A: So… So cold…
A: さ、さむい。

Here is my personal dajyare creation.

A: How do you say sidewalk in Japanese?
B: hodou (歩道)
A: naruhodo! (なるほど!)

Now that’s comedy.

Want more? Here’s 100 Japanese Oyaji Gags you can use… Who are these kids? I want to hang out with them.

100 Dajyare in Rapid Succession!!! Oh the Humanity!

Need help? Here’s an explanation of the first five jokes to get your mind in the right space so that you can work out the rest.

赤色はあかん aka wa akan

赤色はあかん。

赤色 (akairo) means “red.” あかん (akan) is kansai dialect for “that’s won’t do” or “that’s bad,” it’s basically the same as だめ in standard Japanese. So, this is funny because they are saying “Red is no good!” but, the あか sound repeats.

イカいかすねぇ ika ikasu ne!

イカ(ika) means squid. いかす (ikasu) is slang for “cool.” so this is just the squid is cool. Forms of this joke appear frequently in the awesome game, Splatoon and Splatoon 2.

牛を飼う ushi wo kau

牛を飼う (ushi wo kau) simply means to keep a cow as a pet. This joke is absolutely bonkers hilarious (in an oyaji gag way) because the verb 飼うis pronounced (kau) and sounds just like “cow.” And, “cow,” is 牛 (ushi) in Japanese!

エイでえいっ!ei de ei!

エイでえいっ!An エイis a stingray. The kind that swims in the ocean. えい! Is something you might shout when you would say “Yeah!” or “Let’s goooooo!” in English. So you can kinda imagine someone riding on the back of a ray shouting yeah! Maybe it’s Aquaman.

女が立ちあがーる onnna ga tachi agaaru

女が立ちあがーる (onna ga tachiagaaru) means the girl stands up. The “a” sound in “tachi agaru” has been artificially lengthened to make the joke work. The joke, is that tachi a gaaru sounds like “girl” ガール in romanized Japanese. Get it?

Learn all 100 of these dajyare and then start writing your own. Might be fun!

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Japanese Lesson from Games: 損切り

The Nintendo Switch is region free, and many (not all) games, including Octopath Traveler, have the full Japanese text and audio available in the U.S. release of the game. No need to import from Japan! This is an amazing resource for gamers who are learning Japanese. Here’s my latest grab!

Octopath Traveler - Songiri
songiri tte yatsu yo. shitteru yone?

Kanji: 損切り

Hiragana: そんぎり

Romaji: songiri

English: To cut your losses.

Teresa scolds, 「損切りってやつよ、知ってるよね?」songiri tte yatsu yo. shitteru yone? This phrase means, “It’s about cutting your loses, you know that right?”

They key phrase itself should be somewhat easy to internalize, even though I don’t think I had heard it before seeing it in this game. The first character means 損 (そん) “loss.” 損する is the verb form and literally means to “lose” in the sense of profit and loss, not to lose a competition (負ける) and not in the sense of misplacing and object (なくす). The second character means “cut,” so the characters point to the “cut loss” meaning directly.

The grammar immediately following is very informal, as is the entire speech bubble. Our hero says, 損切りってやつよ.

ってやつ is a very informal way of saying ということ. She’s saying, that she’s talking about the thing called “cutting your losses.” She then follows by saying, 知ってるよね, you know that right? It should be a snarky tone, translated something like… “It’s called ‘cutting your losses.’ You have heard of that concept… right?” So sassy!

I tweeted this as well! Check my Twitter account @Japannewbie for more occasional Japanese language tidbits from games.

Japanese Lesson from Games: たまげた

The Nintendo Switch is region free, and many (not all) games, including Octopath Traveler, have the full Japanese text and audio available in the U.S. release of the game. No need to import from Japan! This is an amazing resource for gamers who are learning Japanese. Here’s my latest grab!

Octopath Traveler Screenshot - Tamageta
tamageta… koitsu wa shourai, oomono ni naru zo

Kanji: 魂消た (The kanji doesn’t seem to be that commonly used, and it wasn’t in the game.)

Hiragana: たまげた

Romaji: tamageta

English: To be astonished, startled.

I don’t think I had learned the phrase たまげた before… It’s funny. I like it. The Kanji doesn’t seem to be commonly used, but it literally means that your spirit vanished or disappeared.

The Japanese website GOGEN explains that the expression has been around since the Meiji Era and means to have such a surprising experience that your spirit disappears. It also says that now there is also another expression, 魂切る (tamagiru), which currently has the same meaning, but wasn’t always that way.

I tweeted this as well! Check my Twitter account @Japannewbie for more occasional Japanese language tidbits from games.

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Japanese Lesson from Games: 取捨選択

The Nintendo Switch is region free, and many (not all) games, including Octopath Traveler, have the full Japanese text and audio available in the U.S. release of the game. No need to import from Japan! This is an amazing resource for gamers who are learning Japanese. Here’s my latest grab!

Octopath Traveler Screenshot - Decision to accept or reject
jinsei wa shusha sentaku no renzoku da

Kanji: 取捨選択

Hiragana: しゅしゃせんたく

Romaji: Shusha Sentaku

English: Choices. Decision to accept or reject.

Rough literal translation: Life is a continuous string of decisions on what to accept and what to reject. I suspect the actual in game translation is something like, “Life is nothing but a series of choices…”

The phrase that I didn’t know until encountering it in this game is 取捨選択 shusha sentaku. This is one of those phrases where if you know the individual characters, you can pretty much guess the meaning of the phrase.

The first character 取 means “to take,” and the second character 捨 means to “throw away” and is common in the verb 捨てる. The next two characters make up a common vocabulary of 選択 which means to chose, make a selection, or choice.

All together 取捨選択 means to make a decision as to whether to accept or reject something.

I tweeted this as well! Check my Twitter account @Japannewbie for more occasional Japanese language tidbits from games.

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Japanese Lesson from Games: The Strength You Find in an Emergency

The Nintendo Switch is region free, and many (not all) games, including Octopath Traveler, have the full Japanese text and audio available in the U.S. release of the game. No need to import from Japan! This is an amazing resource for gamers who are learning Japanese. Here’s my latest grab!

Octopath Traveler - Kajibano BakaJikara
Kajibano Bakajikara – The burst of strength you get when in a tight spot

Japanese: 火事場の馬鹿力 

Hiragana: かじばのばかぢから

Romaji: kajiba no baka jikara

So first off, type 馬鹿力 you should type “bakadikara” if you’re typing in romaji. This is written with ぢ, not じ, the pronunciation of ぢ and じ are essentially the same.

My super literal yet fun translation of 火事場の馬鹿力 is, the ridiculously stupid strength you get when you are in the middle of a fire. A good way to translate it might be, an adrenaline rush, or a person’s fight or flight response. Great phrase isn’t it?

The description under this ability says that the character that has this equipped will deal an increasing amount of damage the lower their HP falls. I love the fun name of the ability matches the in game effect. When you’re on your last legs you’ll find that extra burst of strength and deal out more damage than you’ve ever dealt before. It also seems that this ability is a pretty good one for this game, allowing your characters to deal ridiculous amounts of damage.

They localized 火事場の馬鹿力 to “fortitude” in the English version. Not nearly as interesting in my opinion, but kudos to localizers, that’s not an easy job! They are not only limited by differences in language, but by screen real estate and character limitations as well.

Check my Twitter account @Japannewbie for more occasional Japanese language tidbits from games.

Japanese Lesson from Games: Use them with your chin (?!)

The Nintendo Switch is region free, and many (not all) games, including Octopath Traveler, have the full Japanese text and audio available in the U.S. release of the game. No need to import from Japan! This is an amazing resource for gamers who are learning Japanese. Here’s my latest grab!

ago de tsukau kurai no
ago de tsukau kurai no ooakindo ni natteru ze!

The phrase I want to highlight in this post is あごで使う and it literally means, “to use (someone) by the chin.” Pretty hard to understand this phrase from the words alone!

The character on the right in this scene is Teresa, a merchant. Before this point in the game she met this merchant boy and they had gotten into a selling war… and more. No spoilers, but Teresa comes out on top.

Later, the merchant boy on the left is saying to Teresa that when they finally meet again, he will have improved his craft so much that he will be the one calling the shots and telling Teresa what to do.

Japanese: 顎で使う

Hiragana: あごでつかう

Romaji: ago de tsukau

ago de tsukawarerunoha docchi kashirane
ago de tsukawareru no ha docchi kashira ne

She’s confident and responds, hrm… I wonder which of us will be the one to be calling the shots… You’ll notice the passive form of the verb “to use” as tsukawareru. The “kashira” at the end is the sentence ending particle, usually feminine, to express a question, often to one’s self. More on kashira here on Tae Kim’s Guide.

Check my Twitter account @Japannewbie for more occasional Japanese language tidbits from games.

Corona Virus Japanese-English Vocabulary List

Here are some terms you may find used in the Japanese press regarding the Corona Virus COVID-19 and their English translations. These are unofficial translations.

I got a lot of these translations from the classic WWWJDIC.

For more information on the COVID-19 situation in Japan, see this Reddit r/JapanTravel thread.

Wash your hands.

新型コロナウイルス / shingata corona uirusu / Corona Virus

感染者 / kansensha / an infected person

感染者数 / kansenshasuu / number of infected people

感染する/ kansensuru / to infect (to spread a disease)

2時感染者 / nijikansensha / secondary infection (if infected are put into a hospital and infect someone who was not infected)

接触感染 / sesshoku kansen / infection through contact

飛沫感染 / himatsu kansen / infection from droplets

感染爆発 / kansenbakuhatsu / explosive increase in infections

ソーシャルディスタンス / sousharu disutansu /social distance

一定距離 / ittei kyori / fixed distance (from something, used in context of social distancing

軽傷者 / keishousha / an infected person with light symptoms

疫病 / ekibyou / pandemic

世界的大流行 / sekaiteki dairyuukou / pandemic

防疫 / boueki / communicable disease control (e.g. by quarantine, disinfection, etc.); 

休校 / kyuukou / school cancelation

延期 / enki / postponed

無期延期 / mukienki / postponed without set date to be rescheduled

中止 / chuushi / cancelled

休業 / kyuugyou / business temporarily closed

休業要請 / kyuugyou yousei / request (by the government) to temporarily closes business

休園 / kyuuen / park temporarily closed

休演 / kyuuen / performance or show canceled

時短 / jitan / reduced hours

拡大防止 / kakudai boushi / prevent from spreading further

自宅待機 / jitaku taiki / stay (quarantined) in your home

コロナ感染防止対策 / korona kansen boushi taisaku / measures to prevent the spread of the Corona Virus

臨時休館 / rinjikyuukan / a temporary (irregular) closing

時間短縮 / jikan tanshuku / reduced hours (of operation)

感染情報 / kansen jyouhou / information about the status of the infection

感染症 / kansenshou / infectious disease; infection;

感染力 / kansenryoku / degree of infectiousness (how infectious something is)

家庭感染 / katei kansen / infection at home among one’s family

蔓延 / manen /  infestation; proliferation; being widespread 

致死率 / chishiritsu / fatality rate

死亡率 / shibouritsu / death rate

陰性 / insei / negative

陽性 / yousei / positive

再陽性 / saiyousei / reinfection (recovered but tested positive again)

緊急事態宣言/ kinkyuu jitai senngenn / declare a state of emergency

緊急対策 / kinkyutaisaku / emergency measures

デマ情報 / dema jyouhou / fake news

消毒 / shoudoku / disinfectant

 除菌 / jyokin / disinfection; sterilize;

アルコール消毒 / arukouru shoudoku / alcohol disinfectant

在庫 / zaiko / inventory

品切れ / hingire / out of stock, stock shortage

転売 / tenbai / reselling (e.g., 転売禁止 in regards to masks)

感染確認 / kansen kakunin / confirmed infections

厚生労働省 / kouseiroudoushou / Ministry of Health Labor and Welfare

高熱 / kounetsu / high fever

発熱 / hatsunetsu / to have (get) a fever

頭痛 / zutsuu / headache

検温 / kenon / temperature measurement

肺炎 / haien / pneumonia

検査 / kensa / inspection; examination;

入国規制 / nyuukoku kisei / immigration restriction

入国拒否 / nyuukokukyohi / denying entry to a country (immigration denial)

渡航制限 / tokou seigen / restrictions and limitations on flights

無観客 / mukankyaku / an event with no audience (many live events are being changed to live events with no live audience, i.e., televised only)

外出制限 / gaishutsu seigen / restrictions on going outside of your home (lockdown)

外出禁止 / gaishutsu kinshi / prohibited to go outdoors

自宅待機要請 / jitaku taiki yousei / a request to stay-at-home

不要不急 / fuyoufukyuu / unnecessary and not urgent (不要不急な渡航 travel that is neither necessary nor urgent)

指数関数的に増加する / shisuukannsuuteki ni zoukasuru / grow exponentially

密閉 密集 密接 / mippei misshuu missetsu / places with bad circulation, crowded places, close contact with others

行動変容 / koudou henyou / behavior change (change daily patterns to prevent spread)

最多を更新 / saita wo koushin / more than the previous maximum (used when reporting daily infection numbers)

医療崩壊 / iryou houkai / collapse of the healthcare system

封鎖解除 / fuusa kaijyo / “release of lockdown” city lockdown removed

警戒感 / keikaikan / feeling of urgency

個人防御服 / kojinbougyofuku / personal protective equipment

病床数 / byoushousuu / number of hospital beds

第二波 / dainiha / second wave

ガス抜き / gasu nuki / “out of gas” referring to people who are tired of doing self-restraint and start going out again.

出口戦略 / deguchi senryaku / exit strategy

新たな生活様式 / aratana seikatsu youshiki / new lifestyle

コロナ太り / korona butori / weight gained because you stayed indoors so long doing nothing during the corona pandemic